Vastupadavinysa is a square yantra (Grid) which represents the ritual form of vastupurusha
There are 32 types of Vaastu Purusha Mandala ranging from 1 x 1, 2 x 2, 3 x 3 ...to 32 x 32. They are classified under 2 categories, one of even numbers (yugma) and one of odd numbers (ayugma).
The normal position of the Vastu Purusha (head in the northeast, legs in the southwest) but in the Manduka Mandala (8x8) the Vastu Purusha ( head facing east and the feet facing west).
An important aspect of the mandala is that when divided into even number of squares, its center is constituted by a point formed by the intersection of the two perpendicular central lines and are is used for the design of temples whereas when its divided into odd number of squares, its center is constituted by one module or pada and are used for all other structures.
Mandala in siting
The mandala is used to plan architecture through a process called the Pada Vinyasa.in this method the site is dived grids/modules or pada. Depending upon the gods occupying the padas, zonal functions of the building is decided. Mandala have certain points known as marma which are vital energy spots on which nothing should be built. They are determined by certain proportional relationships of the squares and the diagonals.
A site of any shape can be divided using the Vastu Purusha Mandalas. Manasara talks about 32 types of Pada Vinyasa, depending upon their applications such as residential buildings, palaces, auditoriums, temples etc.
These various types of 32 mandalas with the corresponding names of sites is given below:
1. Sakala Mandala- Eka pada (1 square)
2. Pechaka Mandala - Dwi pada (2x2=4 squares)
3. Pitha Mandala - Tri pada (3x3=9 squares)
4. Mahaapitha Mandala - Chatush pada (4x4=16 squares)
5. Upapitha Mandala - Pancha pada (5x5=25 squares)
6. Ugrapitha Mandala - Shashtha pada (6x6=36 squares)
7. Sthandila Mandala - Sapta pada (7x7=49 squares)
8. Manduka/ Chandita Mandala - Ashta pada (8x8=64 square) and is said to be "Sukshma" (subtle)
9. Paramasaayika Mandala - Nava pada (9x9=81 squares) and is said to be "Sthula" (gross).
10. Aasana Mandala - Dasa pada (10x10=100 squares)
11. Sthaniya Mandala
12. DeSya Mandala
13. Ubhaya-chandita Mandala
14. Bhadra Mandala
15. MahAsana Mandala
16. Padma-Garbha Mandala
17. Tri-yuta Mandala
18. KarnAshtaka Mandala
19. Ganita Mandala
20. Surya-visAlaka Mandala
21. Susamhita Mandala
22. SupratikAnta Mandala
23. VisAlaka Mandala
24. Vipra-garbha Mandala
25. ViveSa Mandala
26. Vipulya-bhoga Mandala
27. Vipra-Kunta Mandala
28. VisalAksha Mandala
29. Vipra-bhakti Mandala
30. VisveSvara Mandala
31. Isvara-kAnta Mandala
32. ChanrakAnta Mandala
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